Civil Rights Litigation
Civil rights, also known as enforceable rights, are rights that have been guaranteed and protected by the government. United States laws protect against the denial of an individual’s civil rights (discrimination) based on race, age, sex, religion, national origin, previous condition of servitude, and physical limitation. Civil rights law suits in the US have been tried in areas ranging from public education and public housing to employment, voting and access to public facilities. In the United States civil rights are enumerated in the Bill of Rights, the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments and in the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In the United States, the Supreme Court has played a major role in increasing government protections of civil rights.
Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act Provides Some Protections
The civil rights of an individual may not be denied or interfered with because of their membership in a particular group or class. The Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act of 1980 (CRIPA) ensures the rights of persons in institutions are protected against unconstitutional conditions. The statute does not cover private facilities. read more
Housing Discrimination Still Exists
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and subsequent legislation addresses strong legislative policy against discrimination. Title VI of the Civil Rights Act prohibits discrimination because of a person’s race, color, religion, or national origin in certain places of public accommodation, such as hotels, restaurants, and places of entertainment. It also prohibits many other types of discrimination including: Housing Rights of Institutionalized Persons Americans with Disabilities The Department of Justice governs the Fair Housing Act . read more
Civil Rights For The Disabled
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) provides comprehensive civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities in the areas of employment, state and local government services, public accommodations, transportation, and telecommunications.
The ADA protects qualified individuals with disabilities, including those with mental disabilities. An individual with a disability is a person who has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits major life activities; has a record of such impairment; or is regarded as having such impairment. Major life activities is defined as functions such as caring for one’s self, performing manual tasks, walking, seeing, hearing, speaking, breathing, learning and working. Under the ADA, a qualified individual with a disability is an individual with a disability who meets the essential eligibility requirements for receipt of services or participation in programs or activities. Whether a particular condition constitutes a disability within the meaning of the ADA requires a case-by-case determination. read more